When were Railroads invented?

John Curr, a Sheffield colliery manager, invented this flanged rail in 1787, though the exact date of this is disputed. The plate rail was taken up by Benjamin Outram for wagonways serving his canals, manufacturing them at his Butterley ironworks Colonel John Stevens is considered to be the father of railroads in the United States. In 1826, Stevens demonstrated the feasibility of steam locomotion on an experimental circular track constructed at his estate in Hoboken, New Jersey—three years before Stephenson perfected a practical steam locomotive in England Around the 1830s, and 25 years after the Trevithick experiment, the first train was invented in the United States. The Tom Thumb was the first steam locomotive built to operate on a common-carrier railroad. The locomotive production's main goal was to convince the B&O Railroad to use steam engines In 1847 the cable railway return track was constructed with planes climbing two prominences along Pisgah Ridge, shortening the up trip to twenty minutes from nearly four hours by mule. 1830s The Baltimore and Ohio is incorporated in 1827 and officially opens in 1830. Other railroads soon follow, including the Camden and Amboy by 1832 George Stephenson is credited as inventor the modern railroad when the Stockton & Darlington was placed into service in 1825. Before Colonel John Stevens tested his Steam Waggon in 1826, the first patent for a steam locomotive is credited to Englishmen Richard Trevithick and Andrew Vivian in 1802

Stations were gateways to journeys of over a hundred miles, completed in a few hours in futuristic machines. Find out more about the history of the railways, when trains were invented, and where the developments happened, with this guide to the history of railways and rail travel in Britai Officially, trains were invented when Englishmen Richard Trevithick and Andrew Vivian received a patent for the world's first steam locomotive in 1802. The little unnamed machine was placed into service on the Penydarren Ironworks' tramway in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales on February 21, 1804 George Stephenson invented the first steam locomotive in Great Britain. He used the knowledge of steam technology to construct the first locomotive. Therefore, he is credited for the invention of the first railroad. The first locomotive engines that were used in the United States were acquired from George Stephenson Works | Certified Educator The first steam powered railroad locomotive debuted on Feburary 21st, 1804. On that day the engine carried 10 tons of iron, 5 wagons and 70 men nearly 10 miles in 4 hours and 5..

History of rail transport - Wikipedi

Railroad Timeline. Trains and railways were present in our history from early 1800s, but between their inception and today they went through many interesting stages that had big impact to our culture and history. Here you can find out more about the timeline of those most important events Railroads originated in 16th century England, when mine operators laid wooden rails across muddy ruts so wagons heavy with coal wouldn't get stuck. Over time, they started reinforcing the planks of wood with steel and iron to give them permanence and durability. The efficiency of rolling horse-drawn carriages over. Railroads experienced a low point in freight traffic around 1960 — less than 600 billion ton-miles. Up to that time, the record for rail cargo carried was 746 billion ton-miles, set in 1944 at the height of World War II. In that year, 69 percent of all intercity freight ton-miles were by rail Railroad Inventions. Railroad machinists learned their craft as apprentices, and they often made their own tools and the cases to store them. This chest represented thousands of years of skill distilled into hard-won finger knowledge. Eli Janney, a Civil War veteran and store clerk in Alexandria, Virginia, conceived and patented the first.

February 28, 1827. On February 28, 1827, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became the first U.S. railway chartered for commercial transport of passengers and freight. There were skeptics who doubted that a steam engine could work along steep, winding grades, but the Tom Thumb, designed by Peter Cooper, put an end to their doubts. Investors hoped a. History of trains. Trains have been a popular form of transportation since the 19th century. When the first steam train was built in 1804, people were worried that the speed would make rail passengers unable to breathe or that they would be shaken unconscious by the vibrations. But by the 1850s, passengers were traveling at previously. The first railroad built in Great Britain to use steam locomotives was the Stockton and Darlington, opened in 1825. It used a steam locomotive built by George Stephenson and was practical only for hauling minerals. The Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which opened in 1830, was the first modern railroad In 3100BC, the sailing boat was invented by Egyptians while the Romans built roads across Europe. During the Industrial Revolution, the first modern highway was developed by John Loudon McAdam. In the 17 th and 18 th century, many new modes of transportation were invented such as bicycles, trains, motor cars, trucks, airplanes, and trams. In.

Often asked: When were railroads invented

  1. RAILROADS. RAILROADS. Beginning in the nineteenth century in the United States, a vast system of railroads was developed that moved goods and people across great distances, facilitated the settlement of large portions of the country, created towns and cities, and unified a nation.. Early railways were a far cry from the great system of railroads that were built in the nineteenth century and.
  2. Georgia's first railroad tracks were laid in the mid-1830s on routes leading from Athens, Augusta, Macon, and Savannah.Some twenty-five years later, the state not only could claim more rail miles than any other in the Deep South but also had linked its major towns and created a new rail center, Atlanta.The railroads continued to expand until the 1920s, when a long decline began that lasted.
  3. The first railroads in America were horse-drawn, but with the development of the steam engine, railroads became a viable enterprise. The era of railroad building began in 1830 when Peter Cooper's locomotive called the Tom Thumb was put into service and traveled 13 miles along what would become the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad line
  4. In the United States, the first locomotive, the Tom Thumb, ran on the first section of track for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The rails were wooden beams with metal affixed to the top.
  5. Railroad Mania began in the 1840s, during which Parliament passed 272 acts, many of which led to the creation of new railroad companies. This Railway Mania led Britain to reach a new peak of 9,000 kilometers of track in 1950 compared to 1,500 kilometers in 1939 and 90 kilometers in 1829. Railroads became crucial to Britain's economy
  6. History. Trains Magazine. Tracklayers reach incredible goals on the transcontinental railroad PART 2. History. Trains Magazine. Spikes of the transcontinental railroad and on today's railroads. History. Trains Magazine. The Golden Spike and other notable track completion ceremonies in the U.S. and Canada

The track was an uphill trek of four hundred and fifty feet. Stephenson's engine hauled eight loaded coal wagons weighing thirty tons, at a speed of about four miles an hour. This was the first steam-powered locomotive to run on a railroad as well as the most successful working steam engine that had ever been constructed up to this period. The. The same year that the Tom Thumb lost its race, there were just 23 miles of railroad tracks in the United States. But within 20 years there were more than 9,000, as the U.S. government.

The spike was invented along with the modern flat-bottomed rail about 1830 by Robert Livingston Stevens, president of the Camden & Amboy Railroad. He designed the spike to anchor these new rails, which were each 15 feet long and weighed 36 pounds per yard Railroad crossings are dangerous places. Rail companies first protected their busiest crossings with employees who waved flags or lanterns, or lowered gates, when trains came through. Later, automated lights and gates, operated by electrical relays wired to the track, alerted people of approaching trains. The X-shaped crossbuck, which marks public railroad crossings in the United States, is. Construction company formed in 1864 by owners of the Union Pacific Railroad, who used it to fraudulently skim off railroad profits to themselves. Interstate Commerce Act A law, enacted in 1887, that established the federal government's right to supervise railroads activities and created a five-member interstate commerce commission to do so

-Railroads were consolidated by businessmen who funded construction: -J. P. Morgan, Leland Stanford, Cornelius Vanderbilt-Standard gauge was adopted by all-To maintain rail schedules, time zones were invented. The petroleum system-Prospectors discovered an oil well in Pennsylvania in 1859-Civil War drove demand for oil, and a system of. The earliest railroads constructed were horse drawn cars running on tracks, used for transporting freight. The first to be chartered and built was the Granite Railway of Massachusetts, which ran approximately three miles (1826). The first regular carrier of passengers and freight was the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, completed on February 28, 1827 The basic technology goes back to 1870 when the track circuit was invented. The idea of using electric current in railroad rails for signaling was an idea that had been suggested as early as 1848. Initially, a colorful variety of signs were posted at crossings, depending on the whims of the local railroads, and in time, watchmen were. When railroads were introduced into North America, the need to increase profits came up against one major problem - how to run trains at night. The first recorded solution came from Horatio Allen who built the South Carolina Railroad Company in the early 1830s

The train was first invented and patented in 1784, by James Watt. The first working model to be made and successfully run was created in 1804 by Richard Trevithick. The train had many uses in its early years, but most of them involved hauling supplies or materials from location to location. It was not until 1825, when George Stephenson built. Baltimore and the Ohio River were connected by rail in 1852, when the B&O was completed at Wheeling, West Virginia. Later extensions brought the line to Chicago, St. Louis, and Cleveland. In 1869, the Central Pacific line and the Union Pacific line joined to create the first transcontinental railroad The other side houses a railroad museum. Operated by the Whistle Stop Railroad Club, the museum features artifacts, photos and train displays with multiple tracks and tunnels. Admission is $2. The railroad jack became of particular fancy to persons in the house-moving and barn-repair businesses. The jacks were able to lift a house off of its foundation and hold it suspended while a trailer was backed underneath it. The jacks were also strong and powerful enough to raise sagging barns by lifting the main beams up and allowing concrete foundations to be poured underneath them

Transportation timeline | Timetoast timelines

When Were Trains Invented? World, America, Britai

Railroads thus changed the way goods were advertised, priced, and sold. The railroad has been called a fundamental innovation in American material life. It was a stimulus for the spread of U.S. population to the West and, in fact, created many small towns. Railroads were an efficient way to move men and supplies during the Civil War (1861-65. Lekiqi 1 Railroad in Nevada When silver mining in Nevada started to dry out, railroads became a big part of the economy. Railroads linked American together, it maied traveling faster and simpler. Railroads were very labor intensive. There were jobs for every part of it. The Invention of the boiler helped start the railroad industry. The boiler was filled with water heat was applied The advent of the railroads in New Mexico was the beginning of an era of permanent prosperity for the people of the territory. The wonderful rapidity with which the great trans-continental transportation lines were constructed was not less marvelous than the astonishing awakening of the people to the fact that at last New Mexico was really in touch with the enlightened progress and modern. The first American transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869. Diesel powered locomotives were used in Sweden starting in 1913, followed by the US in 1939. Throughout the years, improvements upon improvements were invented and implemented, with the first bullet train introduced in Japan in 1964

Prior to the railroads, time of day was determined by the position of the sun, however, with trains operating throughout the country, standardized time zones were implemented. The country was divided into four time-zones, eastern, central, mountain, and pacific, and were all in sync with each other to ensure train scheduled would remain on time British Railways, former national railway system of Great Britain, created by the Transport Act of 1947, which inaugurated public ownership of the railroads. British Rail was restructured in 1993 prior to its privatization. Passenger and freight traffic were taken over by private companies Railroads had already been trying to solve this problem since the late 19th century, but by the late 1950s, the technology was starting to catch up to the need—and vendors were lining up with ideas. A search of U.S. patents during this era highlights numerous solutions that range from novel to game-changing From then on though, the idea grew in power and potential. In 1918, the German railroad system tested wireless telephony between military trains with the concept growing over the following decade. Of course, these were more like two way radios than the cell phone we know today, but it was an idea that steadily grew in stature

In 1825, Stockton & Darlington Railroad Company began carrying people and merchandise. They were also the first to have train rides on a regular schedule. Their locomotives were based on the work of Stephenson. It was able to carry about 450 people at 9 mph Old Railroads. By: the Editors of Publications International, Ltd. The work of building the first railroads was accomplished with human muscle and dogged endurance. This construction train from the 1850s illustrates the laborious process of moving earth by hand and the fairly crude state of antebellum railroading. Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania Classic Trains magazine celebrates the 'golden years of railroading' including the North American railroad scene from the late 1920s to the late 1970s. Giant steam locomotives, colorful streamliners, great passenger trains, passenger terminals, timeworn railroad cabooses, recollections of railroaders and train-watchers Two mid-sized regional railroads in Pennsylvania were among the first line-haul carriers to be abandoned nationally - the Pittsburgh, Shawmut and Northern in 1948 (190 miles) and the New York, Ontario and Western in 1957 (547 miles). Nearly every major line in Pennsylvania failed in the 1960s and 1970s Train History Facts. First train appeared in the year 1804. It managed to pull 25 tonnes of iron material and 70 people over the distance of 10 miles. Over the course of history trains were powered by steam, electricity and diesel fuel (although one of the earliest trains in USA was powered by horses that walked on treadmills)

Most Underground Railroad operators were ordinary people, farmers and business owners, as well as ministers. Some wealthy people were involved, such as Gerrit Smith, a millionaire who twice ran. Diesel-electric locomotive engines won the hearts of many a railroad company because they were more profitable than a steam-powered locomotive. Today, new companies have taken over where the American Locomotive Company and the ALCO-GE-IR trio left off. A newer incarnation of diesel-electric manufacturers is a partnership between Electro-Motive.

Timeline of United States railway history - Wikipedi

It reminds us that before mechanical clocks were invented, people used sundials to tell the time. Noon was when the sun was at its highest point in the sky. As a result, each town had its own version of time even after mechanical timepieces were introduced. Then came the transcontinental railroad Lanterns have roots in ancient Egypt, Greece, and China. The modern version, however, is often credited to John H. Irwin, an American inventor with over 200 patents to his name. He invented the oil lantern in 1862. Irwin's use of coil oil, which relied on coal, greatly changed how well the lantern functioned Toilets on the 1880's Railroads Amenities were few and far between. September 9, 2019 Marshall Trimble. Public outdoor toilet from the 1800's. Finding a photo of a toilet on an 1880 was daunting. It must have been too delicate a subject during those Victorian times so we'll have to settle for public outdoor toilets of that period Time zones were, therefore, a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. 19th Century Challenges. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s If railroads were invented today, they would consist of an entirely enclosed system. There would be no need for tracks or cars- the goods would move through the enclosed system under pressure. Wait a second- that's a pipeline! heh heh Bob C [ Reply To This Message ] Date: 08/18/02 17:29.

Face of Texas Changed by Railroads Many communities that were too small to attract a transcontinental railroad faded away when the railroads bypassed them. Other towns picked themselves up and moved in order to be on the railroad. Still other communities offered incentives to get the railroad to come to them, usually in the form of free right. The Railroads and Steamboats Clash at the Rock Island Bridge Summer 2004, Vol. 36, No. 2 By David A. Pfeiffer Downstream elevation drawing of the first bridge at Rock Island. (William Riebe, The Government Bridge, The Rock Island Digest) On April 22, 1856, the citizens of Rock Island, Illinois, and Davenport, Iowa, cheered as they watched three steam locomotives pull eight passenger cars.

There are no plans to intermix concrete and timber ties, as at least one U.S. railroad tried with less than satisfactory results. ''Concrete ties cost more than wood, but you can use 2,640. The Underground Railroad. On May 12, 1786, George Washington, in a letter to a friend, told of the escape to Philadelphia of a slave, the property of his neighbor Mr. Darby. He expressed doubts about the Negro's return because he had fallen into the hands of a society of Quakers, formed for the purpose, who have attempted to liberate [hi

1861-1865. It is generally with the US Civil War that most books begin the history of the railway as a key asset in war. By 1861, America had a good system of railroads which were built mainly for commercial purposes. No one foresaw the particular geographical split between the Union and Confederate sides coming when the railroads were built forbade railroads from carrying freight except in winter, when the canals were closed, and imposed the same tolls as those on canal freight. Seasonal restrictions were lifted by 1847, and railroad tolls were abolished after 1851.The state lowered canal tolls to help them compete with railroad freight charges

Railroad History (USA): Facts, Timeline, Statistics, Photo

History of cranes. According to archaeological records, cranes were invented in 515 B.C.E by the ancient Greeks. They were used to lift tongs and Lewis iron during the construction of the Greek temple. The presence of holes in the building is regarded as evidence for the existence of cranes Railroad Telegraphy Devices. For a long time after the telegraph was installed on the railroads, the operators were required to get the incoming message on a device called a register that would print the dashes and dots allowing the telegraph men to see the message during decode. The more experienced operators got to be able to read the. the railroads were invented in New York in 1948 and were used ever sinc Railroads and Barbed Wire. Railroads were required to construct a legally defined fence along the right-of-way wherever tracks crossed lawfully fenced private land. Railroads did not receive the same benefits granted to landowners, however. They were exempted from rights of recourse (as given to landowners) when livestock trespassed upon their. How did railroads affect the process of empire building in Afro-Eurasia? The extent to which the process of empire-building in Afro-Eurasia between 1860 and 1918 was affected by railroads was great. Building railroad lines without foreigners would also weaken their power

Chapter 6: A New Industrial Age at St

When Were Trains Invented? Your Guide To The Birth of

The flush toilet was invented in 1596 but didn't become widespread until 1851. Before that, the toilet was a motley collection of communal outhouses, chamber pots and holes in the ground The railroads were the most important industry that blacks ever worked in. Blacks worked more - More blacks were railroaders than were steel workers, were coalminers, were loggers, you pick the. Railroads of the Confederacy. Railroad yard and depot with locomotives in Nashville, Tennessee. (Library of Congress) The Civil War is the first war in which railroads were a major factor. The 1850s had seen enormous growth in the railroad industry so that by 1861, 22,000 miles of track had been laid in the Northern states and 9,500 miles in.

First Passenger Trains In America: History, Facts, Photo

RAILROADS. RAILROADS. Beginning in the nineteenth century in the United States, a vast system of railroads was developed that moved goods and people across great distances, facilitated the settlement of large portions of the country, created towns and cities, and unified a nation.. Early railways were a far cry from the great system of railroads that were built in the nineteenth century and. The expansion of the railroads pushing to the Pacific ocean was the largest motivation for a universal time standard and time zones. To maintain a fairly accurate railroad schedule, a time standard was absolutely necessary. There were also major safety issues as many trains would share a single track and thus exact time was critical The expansion of roads, canals, and railroads changed people's lives. In 1786, it had taken a minimum of four days to travel from Boston, Massachusetts, to Providence, Rhode Island. By 1840, the trip took half a day on a train. In the twenty-first century, this may seem intolerably slow, but people at the time were amazed by the railroad's. Earmuffs were invented by Chester Greenwood in 1873, when he was only fifteen years old. Earmuffs were made for safety purposes, and it consisted of a metal or plastic headband attatching the two muffs together

The History of Electricity - A Timeline. 1752 By tying a key onto a kite string during a storm, Ben Franklin , proved that static electricity and lightning were the same. His correct understanding of the nature of electricity paved the way for the future. 1800 First electric battery invented by Alessandro Volta Railroad Crossing Gates & Signals. RAILROAD CROSSING GATES & SIGNALS. As America became laced with railroads in the latter half of the 19th century, it soon became apparent that safety warning signs and signals should be set up to protect people who wanted to cross the tracks. Initially, a variety of signs were posted at crossings, and in time.

The Refrigerated Railroad Car Beginning in the 1840s, refrigerated cars were used to transport milk and butter. By 1860, refrigerated transport was limited to mostly seafood and dairy products. The refrigerated railroad car was patented by J.B. Sutherland of Detroit, Michigan in 1867. He designed an insulated car with ice bunkers in each end Railroads were expensive and were hastily built. There were many accidents and delays. Also, different companies used different widths of track, so only certain trains could travel on certain railroads. In 1830, Robert Livingston Stevens solved this problem by designing an iron T-shaped rail. After this invention, railroads grew from three. The Railroads and Steamboats Clash at the Rock Island Bridge Summer 2004, Vol. 36, No. 2 By David A. Pfeiffer Downstream elevation drawing of the first bridge at Rock Island. (William Riebe, The Government Bridge, The Rock Island Digest) On April 22, 1856, the citizens of Rock Island, Illinois, and Davenport, Iowa, cheered as they watched three steam locomotives pul

Who Invented the Railroad? - WorldAtla

Which makes sense. Chicago was and still is the biggest railroad town in the country, and the railroads were, in both the United States and Europe, the catalyst for the creation of time zones. The 1890s were not so prosperous, despite the arrival of another transcontinental railroad, the Great Northern, in 1893. A nationwide business depression did not spare Seattle, but the 1897 discovery of gold along and near the Klondike River in Canada's Yukon Territory and in Alaska once again made Seattle an instant boom town Ground breaking occurred in spring of 1880, and work proceeded at a furious pace, with over 100 railroad cars of supplies per week unloaded at Pullman over the summer. By fall, factory buildings were taking shape and work began on the first non-industrial building in town: The Hotel Florence NOTE: PARTLY DUE TO THE EXTRA HIGH UPVOTES OF MY ANSWER HERE, I HAVE CREATED A SPACE JUST FOR RAILROAD STUFF CALLED = WELL TRAINED At my main space it should be found under my main tab = SPACES or this answer has also been shared there. Currently. Telegraphs and Railroads. The telegraph and the railroad were natural partners in commerce. The telegraph needed the right of way that the railroads provided and the railroads needed the telegraph to coordinate the arrival and departure of trains. These synergies were not immediately recognized. Only in 1851 did railways start to use telegraphy

Railroads carried farmers and settlers west where they could buy land, get a homestead, and have support from railroad towns. And then railroads would carry the crops east back to the growing cities that needed food. Railroads made a big difference, because they created a connection between these regions The decline of wagon trains in the United States started in 1869, with the completion of the first transcontinental railroad, and wagon trains as a way of migrating essentially ended in the 1890s.. Covered wagons, on the other hand, stuck around for a long time. The covered wagon of the migrations evolved from freight wagons such as the Conestoga, and horse-drawn freight wagons remained in use. Once tungsten filaments were perfected, railroads were quick to replace the kerosene lamps with electric bulbs because they were much easier to maintain. When semaphore signals were first illuminated at night, the standard was white for proceed, yellow for approach and red for stop. Green was not deployed until a usable green dye for coloring. History of pocket watches started in early late 1400s and early 1500s when mechanical engineering reached the state when simple spring devices could be made. By using the invention of mainspring, German inventor Peter Henlein was finally able to create watches that did not require falling weights as the source of their power

When was the railroad locomotive invented and what is its

The railroads had a fairly large impact on the Industrial Revolution. Railroads could transport materials needed faster than before, which helped factories produce goods. but when they did, the people running the train would blow the whistle to show they were ready to leave. While Denis Papin invented a cooker that ran on steam power in. By 1940 there were over 18,000 refrigerated road vehicles being used with around 2,500 of those units being mechanically cooled. With the implementation of the interstate highway act of 1956, the trucking industry experienced rapid growth and continued to increase the number of reefer trucks on the road. Technology In Cold Chain Logistic Credits! The railroads boosted agricultural and fishing industries in not only England, but a lot of other contries around the world. It also made traveling a lot easier, railroads had encouraged country people to take jobs in distant cities. Project credits: Emily Cruz. Research credits go to: Google. Music: Industrial Music Box by Kevin MacLeod The US Industrial Revolution inventions turned to communications in 1837 when the Morse Code and the first telegraph line was invented and telegraph lines were erected alongside the railroads. US Industrial Revolution Inventions: 1842: Grain Elevator

The railroads were economically deregulated by the Staggers Act of 1980. The Staggers Act enabled the railroads to set rates determined by market conditions rather than by any collective rate. I discovered the railroads were key to victory. I would trade away and spend money to get all 4 Railroads. You had 4 chance to collect money with every trip around the board. I won 90% of the time with 4 Railroads. The other kids soon got wise and formed a Cartel of sort and made sure no one got all 4 Railroads

Question. Before railroads were invented, goods often traveled along canals, with mules pulling barges from the bank. If a mule is exerting a 1200 N force for 10 km, and the rope connecting the mule to the barge is at a 20 degree angle from the direction of travel, how much work did the mule do on the barge? a. 12 MJ. b. 11 MJ. c. 4.1 MJ. d. 6 MJ The Civil War was the first war to use railroads, encouraged by President Lincoln — himself a former railroad lawyer — who understood how vital they were for moving men and supplies. The North. Elisha Otis invented a safety brake for elevators in 1853. Elevators were in use throughout the 1830s and 1840s in America and Europe but were operated with hemp ropes that would sometimes break and kill passengers. The safety brake used a wagon spring that was attached to the elevator platform as well as the lifting cable Charles P. Hatch of the Empire Transportation Company invented the rail tank car in 1865. It was a flat car with wooden banded tubes mounted on top, capable of carrying 3,500 gallons of crude oil on the Oil Creek and Warren and Franklin Railroads in Pennsylvania

The History of Railroads: From Trackways to Hyperloop Train

At about the same time, an ambitious young man from Brooklyn named Minor Keith was building a railroad in Costa Rica.. Keith and two of his brothers were brought down to Costa Rica in 1871, when Keith was only 23, by Keith's uncle who had won a government contract to build a line from the capitol of San José to the port of Limón Before railroads were invented, goods often traveled along canals, with mules pulling barges from the bank. If a mule is exerting a 1200 N force for 10 km, and the rope connecting the mule to the barge is at a 20 degree angle from the direction of travel, how much work did the mule do on the barge? a. 12 MJ. b. 11 MJ. c. 4.1 MJ. d. 6 M A railroad spike, which is equipped with an offset head, is a large rail nail used to secure and fasten the rails in the railway system. With the development of industrialization, the rail spike was invented by Robert Livingston Stevens and the first use was in 1832. The main function of railroad spike is to ensure the correct position of the gauge

the North - MSThe "Minie" Ball - Technology, Tactics, and Weapons of theLifestyle Inventions in the 19th Century timeline