Crop and variety selection

SS-AGR-156/AA113: Agronomic Crop Species and Variety Selectio

  1. Whether mechanically harvested, handpicked by farm employees or customer-picked, labor practices and availability can make a difference in crop and variety selection. Postharvest needs may be a limiting factor, particularly if a crop requires refrigeration or other special treatment
  2. 018: Hybrid and Variety Selection Using Data. Today we are talking with Dan, Renee, and Tony about hybrid and variety selection using growers field data. DAN FRIEBERG: I always think, from a grower's perspective, that the first analysis that you do is your own. It's what your own results were from that crop year
  3. Varietal selection is one of the earliest and most important decisions a cotton grower makes every season. A grower must live with this single decision all year long, from emergence to marketing. The variety decision will begin to establish profit potential before a seed is ever planted
  4. e the best options among cereals, legumes and brassicas. Each, she said, has a place in a cover crop mix, but selection depends on overall production goal and adaptability to a specific region or.
  5. Varieties often occur in nature and most varieties are true to type. That means the seedlings grown from a variety will also have the same unique characteristic of the parent plant. For example, there is a white flowering redbud that was found in nature. Its scientific name is Cercis canadensis var. alba. The varietal term alba means white
  6. Soybean variety selection should focus on yield (and yield consistency) as well as maturity selection and disease tolerance. Choose multiple varieties from different company umbrellas to spread genetic risk. Use multi-year, multi-location yield trial information that matches your environment (crop rotation, tillage system, soil, and drainage)

Barley's two main uses are feed and malt. In addition, a small percentage of barley produced is used for food (pearled barley) or as a companion/hay crop. When producing for feed and malt, variety selection is important. To sell a barley variety as malt, the American Malting Barley Association (AMBA) has to approve it as malting barley tomato, peanut, cucumber, lima, okra, and other crop varieties noted in the catalogue for their heat and drought tolerance. The extensive genetic variability, and hence selection potential, for drought tolerance in a wide range of staple grains is evidenced by the breeding programs of international crop Variety selection Why use locally adapted varieties? Use locally adapted varieties to ensure good crop establishment and high yield with acceptable grain quality for market. Prepared with input from: G Atlin, MA Bell, and V Balasubramania

Variety selection is the most important decision a farmer can make. Auburn University Variety Testing Program is to provide research-based, unbiased results on the performance of various crop hybrids, cultivars, and varieties to the agricultural community in Alabama. We are intent on conducting these trials in a manner that will result in. The crop varieties currently used for intercropping have typically been bred for monocrop production, and most often their performance in intercropping has not even been evaluated in advance. Factors influencing decisions on the selection of crops & cropping system. Farmers need to answer all the below questions while making decisions for choosing a crop/ cropping pattern. During this decision making process, farmers cross check the suitability of proposed crop/cropping systems with their existing resources and other conditions Selecting suitable varieties is an essential first step in any successful potato operation. Varieties must not only suit the intended market but also be well adapted to local growing conditions. Hundreds of varieties are potentially available to potato growers but as few as five probably account for 90% of the U.S. acreage. The leading variety, Russet Burbank, still provide Here are some other tips that are very important when planting double-crop soybean. Variety Selection. Select the latest maturing varieties that will mature before the frost. This will assist with growing as much leaf area and having as many reproductive nodes as possible. Plant the earlier maturing varieties in this maturity range on your best.

Types of Agronomic Crops, Species, and Varieties Penn

Excel is a low input variety with good scab resistance. Amling, Elliot, Gafford, Kanza, Lakota, and McMillan are good low input varieties for Excel. Lakota would be one of the best choices for Excel. There are many other varieties to choose from, but my goal is to attempt to simplify the selection History of barley production. Barley was one of the first domesticated crops and is now cultivated throughout the world. In Minnesota, barley has been an important spring-sown crop for more than 130 years, reaching a peak acreage over 1.2 million acres in 1988. These days, the crop is used primarily for malt and feed, along with various food products Crop and variety selection is the first consideration in starting or developing the farm. The right decision in the selection of plants to be grown will ultimately convert into a successful farming venture. Factors to Consider Before Selecting Type of Cash Crop Plants To Grow Planning, Variety Selection, and Crop/Pest Management Dr. Zach Miller-Assistant Professor & Director at MSU-Western Ag. Research Center, Dr. Rachel Leisso, Dr. Mac Burgess, Dr. Heather Estrada, Katrina Mendrey, Amy Hutton, Kyrstan Hubbel, Bridgid Jarrett, Durc Setzer JAN, 202 Variety Selection Depending on the primary objective for using rye as a cover crop, you may have important varietal characteristics to consider. Planting a variety that is known to be adapted and that can survive the winters in North Dakota is critical. Certified seed of most varieties is not available in North Dakota

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As a continuation of the KSU Wheat Crop Overview Series, Dr. Romulo Lollato and Dr. Kelsey Andersen Onofre discuss management options and variety selection f.. For crop growers, spring, summer and fall are times to get physically involved in the field whereas, winter is the time for in-depth planning and preparation for the subsequent three seasons. Taking time to plan on various aspects of crop production including variety selection will pay dividend at the end of the season. Choosing Crop Varietie For crop growers, spring, summer and fall are times to get physically involved in the field whereas, winter is the time for in-depth planning and preparation for the subsequent three seasons. Taking time to plan on various aspects of crop production including variety selection will pay dividend at the end of the season Several options exist to help you with this selection. Check with your local Certified Seed Dealer for input. Refer to the Winter and Spring Certified Seed Buying Guides which are excellent tools to use in determining what variety to select based on such data as plant height, emergence, winter survival index, days to head, test weight, disease.

Crop Selection: Choosing the Best Crops For Your Farm

  1. The selection of a good crop variety is an important management decision producers make for their farm. It can often mean the difference between breaking even and making a profit. Agronomists often..
  2. CHOOSING A VARIETY with high fiber quality potential is the biggest factor affecting the lint. Varietal selection is one of the earliest and most important decisions a cotton grower makes every season. A grower must live with this single decision all year long, from emergence to marketing
  3. 615 - 2021 Variety Selection & Production Considerations. 11.20.2020 Print View. Official Coded Variety Performance Trial Data. American Crystal 2020 Official Variety Trial (OVT) data for varieties approved for crop year 2021 can be found here. Many growers have already purchased seed for the 2021 sugarbeet crop, however it is still important to review the OVT data to make sure that the.
  4. Mission. The WSU Extension Cereal Variety Testing Program provides growers and the agribusiness industry with comprehensive information on the adaptation and performance of winter and spring wheat and barley varieties across the different climatic regions of eastern Washington.The program also provides WSU and USDA-ARS wheat breeding programs a uniform testing and evaluation program for.
  5. Farm Machinery Selection. Equipment that works best one year may not work well the next because of changes in weather conditions or crop production practices. Improvements in design may make older equipment obsolete. each piece of machinery must perform reliably under a variety of field conditions or it is a poor investment regardless.
  6. Tag Archives: variety selection; variety selection. Managing Oats for Maximum Yield Potential and Profitability. Field Crop News is an archive of information dedicated to the production of over 8.5 million acres of field crops in Ontario and a forum for which producers, researchers and industry personnel can share information and.
  7. Variety selection and crop maturity, metabolism, and water status tend to have direct and often significant and immediate impacts on vegetable °Brix levels. In contrast, soil and crop nutrient status and environmental light and temperature levels appear to have more indirect and subtle effects on vegetable °Brix values. The following is a.

Farm Progress Show. Aug 31, 2021 to Sep 02, 2021. For Iowa farmers looking to grow oats, planting season is only a couple months away. If you haven't purchased oat seed yet, now is the time. As with corn and soybeans, selecting the right oat variety for the fields you farm is important. Earl Canfield farms with his family near Dunkerton They involve farmers directly in the selection of crop varieties in on-farm experiments . Farmer-participatory selection stimulates local interest in new varieties and produces information on variety performance that is immediately relevant to local climate adaptation. This local focus is a strength as well as a limitation To help make variety selection for NC Soybean Growers easier, the NC Soybean Producers Association has developed a Soybean Variety Selector Database Tool. The information available in the OVT Data has been compiled into a single database that can be filtered, searched, and sorted. You can filter by maturity group, herbicide technology, company, disease resistance, and more Other criteria, such as double cropping, crop use, varietal purity, shattering resistance, seed cost and seed quality are considerations in variety selection. Relative performance of most varieties is similar when grown as a double crop or as a full-season crop

018: Hybrid and Variety Selection - Premier Crop System

There is not likely to be a starter effect, however, if the crop is planted after the soil temperature reaches 70°F, as recommended. E. Variety Selection: There is great diversity within the several hundred varieties of sesame. However, the sesame varieties are usually divided into two types: shattering and nonshattering • Choose crops and varieties from the Crop and Variety Selection Table locat-ed at the end of this publication, using assessments (yes, no, and marginal) given for each of the climate zones. Assessments are based largely on chill hours estimated for the climate zone and the chill requirement of the crop and its varieties

• It provide new crop varieties. • Quick & economical method of crop improvement. • Protection of crops from damage by introducing them in to disease free areas. • Development of superior varieties through selection & hybridization by using introductions. Limitation of Plant Introductio While seed selection is mainly aimed at obtaining healthier seeds, it can be used also to maintain and improve the quality of the crop variety. In a crop field, there are always differences between plants. Some plants may have characteristics that are more suitable than those of other plants. During the growing season, the farmer can try to. The main steps in breeding a new genetic variety of a crop are: 1. Collection of Variability 2. Evaluation and Selection of Parents 3. Cross Hybridization among the Selected Parents 4. Selection and Testing of Superior Recombinants 5. Testing, Release and Commercialization of New Cultivars. Step # 1. Collection of Variability

Variety selection and early planting . High caterpillar populations can often be avoided by early planting of an early-maturing variety (such as varieties from maturity group V and VI). These plantings will bloom and harden off before the corn earworm moth flight from corn fields, and the plants will be unattractive to the moths Proper variety selection is the most important decision a farmer makes. Varieties differ in yield potential, drought-tolerance, time required to reach maturity, pest tolerance, disease resistance, and other characteristics Variety Selection. Most soybean varieties have genetic yield potentials well over 100 bu/acre. The quality of weather during the growing season and the stresses from weeds, diseases, and insects determine what the crop yield will be. A variety's performance in a previously conducted yield trial is a measure of its performance in that. NebGuides & Circulars. EC197, Using Winter Wheat Yield Data to Improve Variety Selection PDF only (224 KB; 8 pages) This extension circular describes a method for comparing and selecting various wheat varieties. Variety Tests. University of Nebraska Variety Testing homepage - CropWatch: Variety and Biotechnology Hybrid testing applications, Seed guides, Testing results by crop and location.

Variety selection is one of the most important decisions a winter wheat grower has to make. The right or wrong decision can enhance or negate all other factors in profitable wheat farming. More stressed environments frequently require a taller wheat variety for crop emergence and combine harvest • Crop improvement or Plant Breeding is an applied branch of botany that deals with the improvement of crops and production of new crop varieties which are far superior to existing types in all characters. • It began with the selection of some plants by man for cultivation Crop Selection. Selection of vegetable kinds and varieties for production is the initial step in the development of a successful vegetable farming operation. This decision is difficult because Texas producers have many alternatives available to them. Over 40 different kinds of vegetables are grown annually in Texas Variety testing is one of the oldest forms of agricultural experimentation. Even though many aspects of the agricultural industry have changed, variety testing still remains a useful source of information for the selection and management of the best varieties for a region or a specific farm. Variety tests do not have to be elaborate experiments

For cover crop use, finding readily available seed and selecting a variety with good winter hardiness is generally more important than whether the variety is a canola or industrial rapeseed type. Dwarf Essex rapeseed is a variety sometimes sold by cover crop seed companies Soybean variety selection is the earliest routine management decision for your crop and many agronomist feel that it is one of the most important. Third-party trials in the region show a 15 bu/ac performance difference between varieties on the market (Table 1), even half of this yield equates to a $75/ac revenue difference between varieties The dependency of farmers on a single crop variety could be due to lack of participatory variety selection activities at cooperative level and no link with technology generating research institutes to have access for varietal choice (un published base line survey from LSB South, 2010). Wheat seed has huge problem both in supply and quality . As. View Notes - Principles of Hort Unit 4 from PSS 1411 at Texas Tech University. Vegetable Production Key Factors in Vegetable Production 1. Site selection 2. Crop and variety selection 3. Marke

The importance of variety selection Farm Progres

Wheat Variety Selection: An Application of Portfolio Theory to Improve Returns This presentation will report results of research that shows that a portfolio of wheat varieties can enhance profitability and reduce risk over the selection of a single variety. Many Kansas wheat farmers select varieties based on average yield Farmer Selection and Conservation of Crop Varieties F Daniela Soleri David A. Cleveland University of California, Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. and Center for People, Food and Environment, Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. INTRODUCTION populations and their interactions with growing environ- ments [genetic variation, environmental variation and After domestication, plant species were often. Broadleaf Crop Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide Compiled by Gregory Endres Area Extension Specialist/Cropping Systems - Carrington Research Extension Center Hans Kandel Extension Agronomist - Fargo Ryan Buetow Area Extension Specialist/Cropping Systems - Dickinson Research Extension Center Clair Keen

• Sowing date and variety maturity choice is a balance between the risk of frost versus terminal heat stress• Earlier sowing can increase frost risk but also generally maximises yield potential and reduces the extent of yield loss from crown rot• Cereal crop and variety selection can have a significant impact on yield in the presence of high levels of crown rot infection• Durum wheat. Variety selection can help maximise profit in the current season but variety selection alone will not reduce inoculum levels for subsequent crops. The barley variety La Trobe appeared quite promising for maximising yield in the presence of high crown rot infection at Nyngan in 2015 and was also considerably higher yielding than other entries in. perennial crop variety selection trials Joanne De aFveri Doctor of Philosophy As the data from perennial crop arietvy selection trials is measured over time there perennial crop breeding trials introduces additional modelling challenges above those of annual crops. 1 Transgenic Insect Traits and Variety Selection in Cotton. by Suhas Vyavhare, Extension Cotton Entomologist, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. Variety selection is the most important decision made during the year. Selecting Bt vs non-Bt or the kind of insect trait package is an important consideration in selecting cotton varieties

the analysis of crop variety evaluation data in. Australia (Smith et al. 2001a, 2005). Curnow (1988) demonstrated that use of correlated. for biases introduced by selection, in part because the Variety selection: Choosing varieties for the upcoming season is potentially your most important decision prior to planting. Most producers agree that grain yield is the most important criterion for variety selection. However, there are many aspects of grain yield that need to be evaluated when selecting varieties. Crop management: Planting.

Variety makes a difference in cover crop selection Farm

At 4:50 p.m. CT, Gautam Pradhan, WRECs Dryland Research Agronomist, will be demonstrating how to use an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) in variety selection and sharing information about UAV's performance on crop production and precision field management at the Williston Research Extension Center's Dryland Field Day, July 14.. The project Pradhan will be speaking on includes the applicability of. Winter Agronomy Digital Roadshows - Crop selection and variety performance. Event Details. January 20 2021 10:00am - 11:00am Tags: Aberdeenshire & Moray, Argyll & Bute, Ayrshire & Arran, Central, Dumfries & Galloway, Highlands, Lothian & Borders, Orkney, Outer Hebrides, Shetland, Tayside & Fife; Book. To coincide with the launch of the new. no breba crop. Proper variety selection is important in Louisiana. Frequent rainfall and high humidity in the Gulf Coast area make many varieties unsuitable because of fruit splitting and souring. Varieties with closed eyes have fewer problems with fruit souring. Winter injury has killed plants of the cold-sensitive varieties in some years A pot experiment was conducted at Hawassa University, Ethiopia, with the objectives of identifying relatively drought-tolerant haricot bean varieties and identifying sensitive growth stages of this plant to drought stress based on selection indices under greenhouse conditions. Ten improved haricot bean varieties were subjected to drought stress at vegetative, flowering, and pod setting stages. It dictates the selection of further processing devices for hemp stems, and the economics of hemp fibres production. While the hemp crop can be harvested with a wide variety of prototype and commercial types of machinery , all harvesting systems can be grouped in two categories, longitudinal and disordered, as illustrated in Fig. 7

Varieties and pre harvesting Polish canola (Brassica rapa L.) in interior Alaska. Universal Journal of Agriculture Research, vol 4(5) 211-216. Type: Other Status: Published Year Published: 2017 Citation: Bob Van Veldhuizen, Mingchu Zhang, and C. W. Knight. 2017. Agronomic crop variety testing in Fairbanks Alaska 1948-2013 Crop cultivars vary in: • Root depth and lateral spread. • Root architecture (density and pattern of root branching). • Root hair density. Breeding crop varieties for deep, extensive roots can: • Build SOM. • Enhance beneficial soil biota. • Improve nutrient and water use efficiency. Italian ryegrass Root Depth, Mass, and. Variety selection . Why use locally adapted varieties? Use locally adapted varieties to ensure good crop establishment and high yield with acceptable grain quality for market. Variety considerations: A variety should have: Good quality grain (especially cooking characteristics, color, shape, taste and aroma, headrice recovery) that should meet.

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Cultivar versus Variety Horticulture and Home Pest New

  1. Crop input variety selection systems, methods, and apparatus Download PDF Info Publication number US20200245530A1. US20200245530A1 US16/857,615 US202016857615A US2020245530A1 US 20200245530 A1 US20200245530 A1 US 20200245530A1 US 202016857615 A US202016857615 A US 202016857615A US 2020245530 A1 US2020245530 A1 US 2020245530A
  2. ed by the interaction of the contained varieties under the respective growing conditions. Major type differences exist in terms of growth behaviour in the case of some varieties used for catch crop cultivation. For mustard and oilseed radish in.
  3. Systems, methods and apparatus are disclosed for selecting an agricultural input. First and second seed meters selectively meter seed from first and second sources, respectively, into a common planting trench. In some embodiments the seed meters are selectively operated by electric motors controlled with reference to a seed type prescription
  4. g systems. While an invaluable tool at sowing, Mr McCaffery said the guide will also assist at harvest time as it contains the latest yield, quality and disease data to help with.
  5. Crop variety improvement is the primary step to improve food crop production. It helps in the development of crops with desired traits such as high yields, disease resistance, quality product and response to fertilizers. We can raise different strains of food crops with desirable traits naturally as well as scientifically

Soybean Variety Selection Integrated Crop Managemen

chemistry, statistics, plant pathology, crop physiology, agronomy, soil science, bioinformatics and other fields. • An art because it requires skills in selection, identification of superior lines or varieties and conducting pollination techniques • A business because it generates profit (i.e. multi Variety Selection and Seed Sources The extreme variability of the species has led to a number of commercial cultivars grouped by the variance in bean shape, size and color. or cover crop use. A number of varieties have been tested in mid-Missouri, with the better varieties ranging in yiel

Understanding grain quality - University of Minnesot

Vegetable Cultural Practices And Variety Selection 1. Cultural Practices and Cultivar Selections for Commercial Vegetable Growers Brad Bergefurd OSU South Centers Piketon, Ohi Multiline varieties are developed in self-pollinated species. They are mixture of several isogenic lines, closely related lines or unrelated lines. Thus, a multiline variety is a homozygous but heterogeneous population. Clonal selection is used in asexually propagated species. In this method progeny of a single best clone is released as a variety

Variety selection - IRRI Rice Knowledge Ban

Variety Selection and Seed Sources The extreme variability of the species has led to a number of commercial cultivars grouped by the variance in bean shape, size, and color. Blackeye or purpleeye peas—the seeds are white with a black eye round the hilum Breeders often select different varieties of a single food crop for use in disparate markets, each with unique breeding selection practices depending on the desirable characteristics and safety considerations for the portion of the plant that is consumed and the nature of the particular processing industry Crop breeding/selections - 'Wooding' spring feed barley. One final selection from a hulled, 6-row, feed barley cross was made after harvest in 2004 for official release as the named variety 'Wooding' in winter of 2006. This final selection was compared with three adapted varieties Otal, Finaska, and Albright for all plant growth characteristics Through comparative trials, publications, field days, training programs, and seed conferences, the section conducts many extension and outreach activities that provide reliable advice about crop varieties that perform best in New York and the Northeast. Faculty members use experience, technology, and innovation to interact with industry and growers' groups in New York State, the nation, and.

Variety Tests Alabama Agricultural Experiment Statio

Spatial and temporal modelling for perennial crop variety selection trials Joanne De aFveri Doctor of Philosophy School of Agriculture, oFod and Win Variety Selection & Testing. 2021 Location Maps & Data; Variety Selection Tool; Variety Trial Data. 2020 Data; 2019 Data; 2018 Data; 2017 Data; 2016 Data; 2015 Data; 2014 Data; 2013 Data; 2012 Data; 2011 Data; 2010 Data; 2009 Data; 2008 Data; 2007 Data; 2006 Data; 2005 Data 2004 Data; 2003 Data; 2002 Data; 2001 Data; 2000 Data; Variety Testing. Variety selection in perennial pasture crops involves identifying best varieties from data collected from multiple harvest times in field trials. For accurate selection, the statistical methods for analysing such data need to account for the spatial and temporal correlation typically present. This paper provides an approach for analysing multi-harvest data from variety selection trials in.

The end result of plant breeding is either an open-pollinated (OP) variety or an F1 (first filial generation) hybrid variety. OP varieties, when maintained and produced properly, retain the same characteristics when multiplied. The only technique used with OP varieties is the selection of the seed-bearing plants Variety selection is critical for any crop because the variety not only needs to meet production criteria but also must meet market demands. Sweetpotato is no exception. And pest management considerations are very important criteria, especially when considering organic production. Pest control methods are more limited when growing a crop. REDISCOVERING THE VALUE OF CROP DIVERSITY IN RWANDA: PARTICIPATORY VARIETY SELECTION AND GENOTYPE BY CROPPING SYSTEM INTERACTIONS IN BEAN AND MAIZE SYSTEMS By Krista Brenna Isaacs A DISSERTATION Submitted to Michigan State University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Crop and Soil Sciences - Doctor of Philosophy 2014 Winter Agronomy Digital Roadshows 2021: Crop selection and variety performance Posted in Crops and Soils , Crop Health , Soils To coincide with the launch of the new SRUC Scottish Cereals list , this presentation will update the top choices for 2021/22

Cereal Growth Stages – Field Crop NewsUFEI - SelecTree: A Tree Selection Guide

(PDF) Selection for mixed cropping - ResearchGat

Variety selection for double cropping is important. Soybeans flower in response to a combination of temperature and day length, so shifting to an earlier-maturing variety when planting late in a double crop situation will result in very short plants with pods that are close to the ground. Planting a variety with the same or perhaps even. However, further selection in the mass selected varieties of cross pollinated crops may lead to inbreeding depression. 6. Quality: A variety developed by mass selection is less uniform in the quality of seed than pure-lines due to presence of heritable variation. 7. Resistance Crop varieties of Siberian selection peppers. For several years now, work has been carried out on the cultivation of vegetable varieties that have all the qualities for successful cultivation in areas with difficult climatic conditions. Peppers of Siberian selection, resistant to adverse conditions and high-yielding even in the northern regions. In order to broaden the genetic base of rice crop, two released and four pre-released varieties were evaluated through Participatory Variety Selection (PVS) program in a remote village in west central Bhutan. After field evaluation for three years, farmers have adopted one released and one pre-released variety thereby increasing the rice.

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A cultivar (cultivated variety) is an assemblage of plants selected for desirable characteristics that are maintained during propagation.More generally, a cultivar is the most basic classification category of cultivated plants in the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP). Most cultivars arise in cultivation, but some are from wild plants that have distinctive. Cultivar Selection and Variety Trials. The desirable characteristics of crop cultivars/varieties for seasonal high tunnel production are much the same as field production: good yield, high quality and pest tolerance. However, depending on the season, hoop house cultivars/varieties must be able to thrive in higher temperatures and relative. Integration of these technologies can significantly improve breeding efficiency in the development of super crop varieties (Li et al., 2018). For example, a hybrid cotton variety CCRI63 and six related hybrid varieties account for nearly 90% of cotton production in the Yangtze River Basin (Wan et al., 2017; Wang et al., 2018) Variety selection. Choose varieties wisely. A new variety should have better or equal yield and disease traits, provide diversity or risk mitigation and suit the current market requirements. Review the performance of varieties in the NVT over a number of years of testing and suggested planting time within each Agzone to support variety decisions